According to researchers, up to 250,000 deaths in the U.S. every year are related to lack of exercise. It’s a sobering statistic. One of the biggest reasons for this fact is that a sedentary lifestyle contributes to heart disease. (1)
Exercise can turn heart health around at any age. While any type of exercise is better than none, some workouts are especially good for the heart.
Heart health should be a priority for everyone, at every age and every stage of fitness. The heart is responsible for moving blood through the body, carrying oxygen to fuel cells and their functions. Without the heart pumping blood successfully, we cannot survive. Many bad lifestyle habits contribute to heart disease and poor overall function, but good choices keep the heart strong and healthy.What Measures Heart Health?
Unless you have a congenital heart disease, your heart should function your whole life, if you treat it right. You know you have a healthy heart if:
Of course, the only way to really understand your heart health is to see your doctor, but most of these are signs you can check at home.
Several lifestyle habits and choices help keep your heart functioning well, including a healthy diet, a healthy weight, not smoking, and managing stress.
Exercise is also an essential ingredient in the recipe for heart health, and one that too many people avoid. It benefits the heart in several ways:
The best exercise for a healthy heart is any exercise. It is far better to get any type of exercise than none at all. The type of activity you or will do consistently is the best of all. With that in mind, certain activities are better than others.Aerobic, Cardio Exercise is Number One
Aerobic exercise is any workout that gets the heart pumping harder, triggering the use of oxygen for energy. The opposite is anaerobic exercise, which does not use oxygen. You’re doing aerobic, or cardio, exercise if your heart rate is elevated but to an extent that you can sustain it for a long period of time and still talk without too much discomfort. Cardio workouts benefit the heart in several ways (2):
So many activities count as cardio, so your clients have options. A variety is good because it keeps exercise interesting, staves off boredom, and reduces the risks of injuries from doing the same thing over and over again.
What counts as cardio? Try a brisk walk, a moderate-paced jog or run, cycling, swimming, the elliptical machine at the gym, a dance class, a game of basketball, soccer, or tennis, and much more.Include High-Intensity Interval Training
HIIT workouts are intense bouts of exercise, followed by a recovery period. The short bursts of intensity, like a 100-meter sprint, are anaerobic. Although aerobic exercise most directly impacts heart health, there is a place for anaerobic workouts.
Anaerobic exercise builds muscle strength, including in the heart. It helps build endurance and improves heart health. Aim for one session per week of HIIT, adjusting it for client ability levels and limitations.Don’t Forget Strength Training
Another type of anaerobic exercise, resistance or strength training benefit heart health. Strength training reduces fat and cholesterol and supports a healthy weight, which helps keep the heart healthier. Strength training is good for heart health in an indirect way and should be done a couple times a week.All-Day Activity
Being sedentary is a major contributor to heart disease. While meeting the minimum recommendations of weekly exercise reduces the risk and improves heart health, an overall strategy or reducing sedentary time is best. Moving regularly throughout the day gets the heart rate up, works muscles, and burns calories.
Being more active throughout the day does not have to be difficult or complicated. Small changes to your lifestyle are simple:
These small bursts of activity add up to improve heart health on a daily basis. They may not seem as important as hour-long gym sessions, but they are.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that adults get at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic exercise per week as well as two days of strength training. (3)
The CDC recommendations are useful, but research is always changing the landscape. A review of studies on exercise and heart health looked at the minimum and maximum exercise amounts for best results (4):
Heart health is essential for overall health. Every one of us should be thinking about it. Plan workouts and exercise routines that get you moving more and doing the kinds of activities that promote healthy hearts.
Vitamins and minerals taken in appropriate doses may aid in lowering heart disease risk. Whole foods should be the main source of nutrients, and research shows that many people fall short of recommended intakes.
A supplement can't make up for unhealthy eating habits, but sometimes even people who have healthy eating habits find it hard to get all the fruits, vegetables, and other healthy foods they need. A supplement can help fill in the gaps.
Numerous studies suggest positive association between taking vitamin and mineral supplements, and heart disease prevention. Vitamin and mineral supplements can be safe and inexpensive and may provide a health benefit.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a substance similar to a vitamin. It is found in every cell of the body. Your body makes CoQ10, and your cells use it to produce energy your body needs for cell growth and maintenance. It also functions as an antioxidant, which protects the body from damage caused by harmful molecules. CoQ10 is naturally present in small amounts in a wide variety of foods, but levels are particularly high in organ meats such as heart, liver, and kidney, as well as beef, soy oil, sardines, mackerel, and peanuts.
Coenzymes help enzymes work to help protect the heart and skeletal muscles.
CoQ10 is also said to help heart failure, as well as boost energy, and speed recovery from exercise. Some people take it to help reduce the effects certain medicines can have on the heart, muscles and other organs.
The best way to get fiber is from food. However, if you don't include enough fiber-rich food in your diet and choose to use a fiber supplement, choose a product that has different types of fiber in it-both soluble and insoluble. When taking a fiber supplement, be sure to stay well hydrated.
Psyllium fiber may help lower cholesterol when used together with a diet low in cholesterol and saturated fat.
If you choose to take a fiber supplement, be sure you don't inadvertently purchase a laxative supplement instead. The labels on both types of supplements may say something like "regulates bowel patterns."
Fiber seems to be most effective used in conjunction with diet and exercise for contributing to weight loss.
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are found in oil from certain types of fish, vegetables, and other plant sources. These fatty acids are not made by the body and must be consumed in the diet or through supplements, often “fish oil.”
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids work by lowering the body's production of triglycerides. High levels of triglycerides can lead to coronary artery disease, heart disease, and stroke. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids used together with diet and exercise help lower triglyceride levels in the blood.
In a double-blind study of patients with chronic heart failure, supplementation with fish oil resulted in a small but statistically significant decrease in the number of patients who died or were hospitalized for cardiovascular reasons. In another double-blind trial, supplementation improved heart function and decreased the number of hospitalizations in some patients.
Besides making food taste good for many people, garlic taken orally as a supplement has been used as a possibly effective aid in treating high blood pressure and coronary artery disease.
Garlic can affect blood-clotting and may increase your risk of bleeding. If you need surgery, dental work, or a medical procedure, stop taking garlic at least two weeks